Braces in Orthodontics

Braces are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help position them correctly to a person’s bite while also aiming to improve dental health and aesthetic appearance. They are often used to fix gap teeth, correct underbites, malocclusions, overbites, open bites, deep bites, crossbites, crooked teeth, and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural. Few people are lucky enough to be born with perfect teeth, but orthodontic treatment can make a huge difference to your facial appearance.

Types of braces

There are different types of braces and depending on the particular issue being addressed. An orthodontist may recommend any of the following types of braces or dental appliances.

  • Traditional Braces

  • Ceramic Braces

  • Damon Braces

  • Clear and Removable Aligners

  • Forsus Appliances

  • Palatal Expanders

Importance of braces

1. Braces Prevent Gum Disease: Braces can help space teeth out properly, making brushing and flossing between teeth easier.

2. Braces Prevent Tooth Decay by spacing out the teeth and hence makes cleaning easier.

3. Braces Prevent Injury: No one likes broken or cracked teeth. And protruding upper teeth are especially vulnerable during accidents. Since braces specialize in straightening teeth, they help to prevent injury from accidents.

4. Braces Prevent Bone Erosion: Bone loss is another problem with misaligned teeth, which occurs when bacteria start eating away at the bones. But with braces, erosion is not very likely to happen. This is because braces help to realign the teeth to prevent this from happening.

5. Braces Help with Self-Esteem: While braces are certainly important for dental health, they play a key role in one’s confidence. And In the long run, braces help to create a great smile.

6. Braces Help with Bad Bites: A bad bite can cause problems with eating when your teeth don’t fit together properly. This also makes the jaw tired, which eventually leads to tooth loss. Luckily, braces help to realign these upper and lower parts of the mouth.

7. Braces Help with Speech Improvement: teeth that are not straightened make it harder for someone to pronounce particular sounds. And just like with the health and aesthetic aspect of having braces, having straightened teeth significantly improves the way words are pronounced.

How long those braces take to produce a result?

Typical treatment times vary from six months to two and a half years, depending on the complexity and types of problems. Extreme cases may require orthognathic surgery. About 2 weeks before the braces are applied, orthodontic spacers may be required to spread apart back teeth to create enough space for the bands.

Braces are typically adjusted every three to six weeks. This helps shift the teeth into the correct position.

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